Manufacturing with Pine

Manufacturing with radiata pine




Common names: Radiata pine and monterey pine

Botanical name: Pinus Radiata



Radiata pine is a versatile and readily available timber, which is suitable for a wide variety of end-use applications.

It has excellent workability, dimensional stability and nail fastening properties. It is tear resistant.

  • Appearance (carpentry, furniture, moulding, sheathing, casing etc.)
  • Structural (construction, moulding etc.)
  • Packaging.

Processing & Coating


Radiata pine is easily processed, dried and treated, and will take staining and coating. It is used in conjunction with a range of structural adhesives.




Sapwood: Easily treatable for all uses, including marine exposure.

Heartwood: Treatable when complying with ground contact standards of use.


The heartwood of radiata pine is an even light brown to chestnut brown in colour, the sapwood is creamy white.

It is regarded as a medium density wood with an even texture.



Physical Properties


The average age of a tree when harvested is 26 to 30 years. Density at 12% moisture content: 460-520kg/m3

Dimensional stability: Volumetric shrinkage coefficient 0.26% stable lumber

Mechanical properties


Density at 12% moisture content: 460-520kg/m3

Modulus of elasticity: 8.23GPa

Bending strength: 85.8MPa

Compression strength parallel to the grain: 36.8MPa

Shear strength parallel to the grain: 11.6MPa

Side hardness (refers to indentation) 3.64kN

End hardness 4.76kN



Tests have confirmed that radiata pine machines well for most applications and compares favourably with a variety of other internationally traded timbers:

  • Sawing: easy
  • Glueing: easy
  • Planing: easy
  • Finishing: easy
  • Nailing and screwing: easy